There is no definitive information as to when exactly one can speak of a first settlement in Marmaris, specifically one knows that the history of Marmaris began around 3400 BC. Ancient Marmaris must always have been a very important place due to its location on the Aegean and Mediterranean, as it was perfectly located on the trade route between Anatolia – Rhodes – Egypt. These advantages made Marmaris a well-known trading place and thus made it famous and important in antiquity.
Pre-Christian Marmaris was known as Physkos and was part of the Cari Empire in the 6th century BC. The Karians use the natural bay as a huge port for their military ships. A Lydian invasion around 334 BC led to the division of the Macedonian Empire, which was ruled by Alexander the Great at the time.
Around 138 BC, the city of Marmaris was handed over to Rome by the King of Pergamon, Attalus III. As a result, Marmaris was controlled by Roman generals in Rhodes.
Throughout history, Marmaris has been ruled by various civilizations. This is the reason for the different traces that can be found in architecture and history: Egyptians, Asdurians, Ionians, Dorians, Persians, Macedonians, Syrians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans left their traces.
Marmaris was once called Physkos and then, in the 6th century BC. to the Carian Empire. From the third century BC. a turbulent time came and Marmaris successively fell into the hands of Egyptians, Assyrians, Ionians and Dorians. In 138 BC. the city was handed over to the Romans, who controlled the city from the island of Rhodes. After the Romans, the city was still conquered by Arabs and Byzantines. An important period came when the city fell to the Ottomans in 1425.
The name Physkos was changed to Mimaras in the Ottoman period, which eventually became Marmaris. The Ottomans built the castle of Marmaris in 1522. Today’s Marmaris contains little of the long history of the city and the different cultures that have prevailed there. Marmaris is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey.
The caravanserai built on the way to the fortress by Suleyman the Wonderful in 1545 also came under the control of the Ottomans. The architectural structure is partly Ottoman, but the construction, consisting of stones with surrounding arches, points to Süleyman. The building comprises one large and 7 smaller rooms. Today the building is used as a souvenir department store.
The Sariana tomb, also built in the Ottoman style, was dedicated to a blessed woman who helped supply the hungry troops of the conqueror Kanuni Sultan Suleyman by providing milk. If you believe the story, it also predicted the victory and conquest of Rhodes. Her grave is on the northeast slope of the city.
The huge cathedral of the Ibrahim Aga Mosque, which was built in 1789, is of architectural perfection, well worth a visit.
The settlement of Physkos Asarkale ducks into the Asar hills on the north side of the city. It was an important port here in the ancient Karian period. The old city walls date back to the pre-Hellenistic era and the remains of the city of Asartepe are still fairly well preserved.
Other sights are the “Tashan” (stone rest house, from Süleyman, the wonderful) and the aqueduct, which goes back to the Romans, next to the place Iskelebasi about 10 kilometers from Marmaris on the road to Mugla.
The bay in which Marmaris is located is also very attractive for tourists who like to sail around with their yachts and sailing boats. Every year, the extensive marinas are full of sailing boats and other yachts that want to enjoy the flora and fauna for a longer period of time. For those who want to enjoy the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea in one holiday, Marmaris as a location would not be a bad idea.
In terms of architecture, the old part of Marmaris, which you will find on the castle hill, is interesting. Here you will find traditional houses in the characteristic style of this region. Typical structures of Turkey are the Caravanserai, an example of which can be found in Marmaris. Lovers of antique architecture should visit Ephesus, Kaunos and Knidos, where remnants of classical antiquity can be found.
Marmaris is located in a bay on the Lycian coast in the province of Muğla in southwestern Turkey. The Mediterranean and Aegean Sea comes together with Marmaris.
Marmaris is located on the Lycian Coast of Turkey in the province of Muğla. A total of population inhabitants is 95,200 live there, the district of the same name, which also includes Icmeler and Turunç, has about 75,000 inhabitants. In the summer months, the number of inhabitants of the region increases sharply. A large majority of the Turkish population is Muslim, including in the Marmaris region.
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