History of Antalya Turkey. The region around Antalya has been inhabited since the 5th millennium BC. Antalya was built in the 2nd century BC. founded as a port city by Attalos II of Pergamon. This empire subsequently became part of the Roman Empire. The Seljuks conquered Antalya in the 13th century. The Ottomans took power at the end of the 14th century and held it until 1923, when Antalya became part of the republic of Turkey. For a complete overview of the history of Antalya Turkey read more please.
Following the ancient tradition, King Attalus II of Pergamon gave his men in the 2nd century BC The order to find heaven on earth. After an extensive search, the men finally selected the region around what is now Antalya. That must be around 158 BC. Chr., Because exactly this year King Attalos II of Pergamon is said to have founded the city Attaleia (Greek Αττάλεια). He also selected the settlement on the Gulf of Antalya as a base for his huge fleet.
It should be noted at this point that excavations in the Doğu Garajı district of Antalya in 2008 unearthed finds that date back to the 3rd century BC. Chr. This makes it more likely, of course, to assume that at the time of Attalos II’s arrival on the Gulf of Antalya there was already a smaller settlement, which the king then chose as the basis for his city foundation.
Faces, however, is that Attaleia in 133 BC. BC fell under the rule of the Romans, because King Attalus III. von Pergamon had agreed that his kingdom should fall to the Romans when he died. Attaleia grew and became a thriving city under the Romans with the most important port in the entire region. According to the Acts of the Apostles (15.25f.), Around 48 the Apostle Paul (Acts 14.25f.) Also came to Attalia.
History of Antalya Turkey. In the Byzantine Empire, Antalya was an important city of Christianity and the capital of the Byzantine theme which included the southern coast of Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands. Around 1118, when John II Komnenos was crowned Byzantine emperor, Attaleia was a lonely and isolated outpost against the Turks coming from the sea. The following year the young emperor, with the help of his capable general Johannes Axuch, managed to force the Turks to retreat and to unite Attaleia with the rest of the empire.
After the Byzantine Empire’s power was broken by the aftermath of the 4th Crusade (1202-1204) and passed to the Latin Empire, the new lords imposed the city of Attaleia on the Templars. Even if this mortgage is legally binding and by Pope Innocent III. the city was de facto under the control of Aldobrandino I, the Margrave of Ferrara. Aldobrandino asked for help in Cyprus when the Sultan of Rum, Suleyman II, began to besiege Attaleia. Walter von Montbéliard, regent for King Hugo I, who was still a minor, responded to this request for help and was able to lift the siege with a large force.
After Walter must have made himself so unpopular with the Greek population that they practiced an uprising against him, the Greeks called the Seljuks to help. The Sultan of Rum moved again, this time it was Kai Chosrau I, in Attaleia in 1207 and later negotiated a trade agreement with Hugo which provided security for the Seljuk and Cypriot traders on the south coast of Anatolia.
In the 13th century, the minaret of the Yivli Minare Mosque was built under the Seljuk Sultan Kai Kobad I. It is now considered one of the most important sights in the city.
Under the Seljuks, Attaleia was designated the capital of the Turkish Beylik von Teke (1321 to 1423). A valuable testimony of the Arab traveler Ibn Battuta, who visited Attaleia between 1335 and 1340, has been preserved from this time.
He tells of Antaliya and Adalia as one of the most beautiful cities he has ever seen. It describes the individual quarters and the logical structure of the city, but also the (architectural) separation between Christian traders, Greeks, Jews and Muslims. Antalya finally came under the rule of the Ottomans in the 14th century.
In the 18th century, as was customary in the rest of Anatolia, Antalya was subordinate to a Dere Bey, a kind of landlord who could develop into an opposition to the Byzantine governor.
Antalya population grew rapidly in the 19th century after Turks from the Caucasus and the Balkans came to Anatolia. In 1911, about 25,000 people lived in the walls of Antalya. Among them were many Christians and Jews who still lived in separate quarters near the port. The city itself – still called Adalia at the time – made a picturesque impression, but was poorly built and quite backward. Outside the walls were the governor’s offices and the upper class houses.
After the First World War, Antalya was occupied by Italian troops for a short time – from 1945 to the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923. In Turkey, Antalya became the capital of the province of the same name.
Antalya, which was little more than a medium-sized provincial town until the 1950s, is now a tourist stronghold and the center of Turkish tourism. Between 9 and 11 million people visit the city and its region every year, and not only foreign visitors, but also Turkish visitors come to the city. Due to the enormous importance of Antalya as a tourist center, numerous suburbs around Antalya have emerged over the past decades. Housing construction is based on modern standards and has created settlements, each of which includes a mosque and a shopping center.
The entire province of Antalya has around 2,250,000 inhabitants. Half of them live in the provincial capital Antalya. The province forms the majority of the Toursten region of the Turkish Riviera, which is located on the southern coast of Turkey, on the Gulf of Antalya. Antalya is popular for its 630 kilometers of coastline, countless ancient ruins. Add to that the mountains of the Taurus Mountains and ideal bathing weather in the summer season.